a proposed development of the Internet in which everyday objects have network connectivity, allowing them to send and receive data
The Internet of things (or as it’s also known, IoT) is about connecting devices over the internet, letting them talk to us, applications, and each other. It is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
IoT is bringing and promising important changes in our lives and in the industrial environment. Numerous IoT research and application projects have been done in recent years, by universities, in collaborations industry-academia and there are IoT increasing activities and applications in the industry.
Technology has grown so fast the we can make anything smart. Now we can connect these smart things together and make their own internet. which is called internet of things. Its alike connecting the things over a internet.
Why does IoT matter?
- Environmental Monitoring
It’s controlling your plant with controlled amount of light, manure, water, fertilizer etc. All the natural calamities can prevent less damages with alarming system. Some of them are enlisted below:
-with the aid of water or soil or air measurement device can say us how are well for which plant.
-with the aid of earthquake or tsunami warning systems we can prevent less damages and victims.
- we can monitor wild life habit and by this tracking prepare them their desire condition and prevent their extinction.
- Infrastructure Management
Infrastructure Management is useful for monitoring and tracking if there is any problem in urban or rural Infrastructure such as bridge, railway or etc to diminish and reduce risk of dangerous and any failure in strength would be tested and alarm as soon as possible to repair it.
- Industrial Applications
Industrial Applications investigate the quality of product in order to real time optimizing to have a good marketing such as who are most interested to which product and how this product can find marketing with which tiny changes.
- Energy Management
Energy Management are categorized with systems which are connected to internet and with some sensor to reduce power consumption such as cloud based, remote control for oven, lamp and etc.
- Medical and Healthcare Systems
Healthcare Systems helps to improve patient state better by monitoring and controlling their heart rate or blood pressure or even for their diet. Smart tablet which show us how much dowse with which gradient can helps patient to get better.
- Building and Home Automation
It is related to everything in home which have the potential to monitor and remote control such as air condition, security lock lightening, heating, ventilation, telephone system, to make a comfort , secure, with low energy consumption.
Transport Systems makes regular city and environment without less employer for police or station such as automatic configuration in traffic lights, smart parking , traffic camera to detect which road has heavy traffic and offer automatically less crowd road, or smart camera which fine driver in high speed.
- Large Scale Deployments
There are cities where are almost complete smart cities with wide range of using IoT and covering wireless.
IoT in Agriculture
If you asked someone in agriculture 100 years ago how the industry would change in the century to come, they’d probably focus more on climate conditions or water usage than on machines and sensors gathering and transmitting actionable data.
But today, a farmer, rancher, or conservationist with access to the right IoT architectures can produce greater savings and better yields.
Livestock monitoring is all about animal husbandry and cost savings. Ranchers are able to use wireless IoT applications to gather data regarding the health, well-being, and location of their cattle. This information saves them money in two ways:
- This data helps identify sick animals so they can be pulled from the herd, thus preventing a larger number of sick cattle.
- Ranchers who know where their cattle are located can lower labor costs.
There are some specific challenges when instrumenting livestock with sensors. Specifically, it’s quite difficult to outfit cattle with a collar. An alternate option is to use a wireless retrofitted bolus in the cow’s stomach, which can communicate via Bluetooth to an ear tag.
Another potential challenge ranchers face is selecting a wireless monitoring technology with enough battery life to last the lifespan of the animal.
While it doesn’t strictly fall under the heading of “agriculture,” monitoring for endangered rhinos is one of the most interesting animal IoT use cases out there. Knowing where rhinos in large game facilities are located can help conservationists protect them and keep poachers from killing the rhinos for their horn.
As one may imagine, collaring a rhino isn’t easy—and we’ve found it isn’t often successful. The collars get ripped off from fighting, and they’ve been known to cause behavioral changes in the rhinos. To solve for this, we are currently examining the idea of a putting Symphony Link devices inside a rhinoceros’s horn.
PLANT & SOIL MONITORING
Monitoring plant and soil conditions is a simple use case—but it can lead to a fantastic return on investment for farmers utilizing sensing technology. We’ve seen three great general uses for agriculture IoT in this space:
- Sensing for soil moisture and nutrients.
- Controlling water usage for optimal plant growth.
- Determining custom fertilizer profiles based on soil chemistry.
How IoT will can revolutionize Agriculture Chain of Nepal?
Agriculture plays an important role in meeting the basic needs of the majority of people in developing countries and Nepal is no exception. Agriculture sector has more than one third contribution to total Gross Domestic Production (GDP) of Nepal. There has always been much neglect regarding the agricultural sector for ages. Realization of better country's economy with prosperous agricultural sector is there but unwillingness to act upon it is a problem. Farmers of more than 60% of the fertile land have unheard the irrigation facility yet and still depend upon rain water for cultivation. Lack of proper education or training, farmers apply same old fashioned way of farming that yields less than that with new techniques. Some where fertilizers are used in excess manner whereas some where they are insufficient. Management of the harvested crop has been one of the prominent problems for the farmers. If there be no market there would be no sell which ultimately leads to no economic gain. Some farmers don't have lands for their own to cultivate whereas some have unlimited lands that are left barren.
On using a smart IoT based agricultural practice that sustainably increases productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduces greenhouse effect (mitigation), pest control, land and water conservation, indoor farming etc. In a country like Nepal with more than 80% of the people engaged in agriculture, the country cannot afford to neglect this sector at all. Sadly enough, Nepal does not enjoy a status of self-sufficiency in agricultural products as it is forced to import agro products on a large scale from other countries like India and china. Every year, Nepal makes a large expenditure in the import of rice, crude soya bean oil, vegetable, maize, crude palm oil, etc. from different countries. The yield from domestic agriculture is at such a low level, hence hazarding the entire economy due to various issues such as obsolete farming methods, lack of irrigation facility, poverty, dual ownership of land, lack of agriculture credit and so forth. using IoT is an idea to overcome a few of these challenges, especially the issues of traditional farming methods and lack of irrigation facility. Rough estimates show that more than half of Nepal’s population will be living in urban and peri-urban areas by the year 2020. 100% dependence on rural based agriculture is not always sensible from aspects of transportation cost, consumers’ welfare and other factors. All in all, IoT based agriculture will increase the productivity, quality, etc of the plants. We can remotely control our farm from anywhere. it’s quite tough to practice IoT agriculture techniques in a traditionally based agriculture country but it is not impossible.
BY : SUJAN CHAUDHARI